Video Essay: How New Hollywood Created the American Indie

Video essayist Tyler Knudsen explores how government restrictions on Hollywood in the late 1940’s made way for the rise of indie luminaries like Maya Deren and John Cassavetes. At the time, the Paramount anti-trust case led to the breakup of Hollywood studios’ vertical integration, so they could no longer own theaters that played exclusively their own films. This meant that the different motion picture studios had to compete for showings elsewhere and work more aggressively to compete against independent filmmakers, who now had a shot at a wider audience. The opening of this window would come to redefine American cinema.

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