Ryan Kyle Coogler is an African-American screenwriter-director born on May 23, 1986, in Oakland, California. Coogler attended USC School of Cinematic Arts, eventually directing four short films while there: Locks (2009), Fig (2011), The Sculptor (2011), and Gap (2011). Coogler’s first feature film was titled Fruitvale, and later Fruitvale Station (2013). It is based on the final 24 hours of Oscar Grant’s life, before he was shot and killed by one of Oakland’s Fruitvale BART station’s police officers, on the first day of 2009. Coogler then directed Creed (2015), a sequel/spin-off of the Rocky movies. In early 2016, Coogler directed Marvel Studios’ Black Panther.